job Stress is one of the major factors behind low employee efficiency and motivation. Current study is conducted to examine different stressors which negatively impact employee motivation. This study was conducted at Anti-Narcotics force a Federal Government bureau. The nature of this study is unique due to the selection of the organization. ANF was established to fight drug smuggling in and out of Pakistan in airports, inter-city logistics and seaports. Therefore it was important to study stress at the mentioned organization.
Data was collected from ANF employees with help of structured questionnaires after analysis of collected data study has found that employees at ANF are facing high levels of stress and moderate motivation level as a result of stress. Data was displayed in tables, table 1.1 has mean values of stress factors or stressors like demands, change, role, relationship, role and change. The mean values for these stressors or factors indicated that employees are facing a lot of stress. Similarly table 1.1 also holds mean values of factors of Motivation like work, content, work condition, personal and my leader, the mean values for the mentioned motivation factors show that employees at ANF were found to have moderate motivation levels.
Table 1.2 holds correlation value of stress with motivation. The correlation analysis showed a very strong negative relationship between stress and motivation. As stress level increases, the motivation level will decrease.
Stress is substantial as well as psychological response to things, feelings, places or people. This study belongs to two variables one of which is stress. “As a general term it applies to various mental and physiological pressures experienced by people feel in their lives”(Robbins, 2007). It is defined as a state of psychological and/or physiological imbalance resulting from the disparity between situational demand and the individual’s ability and / or motivation to meet those demands” (Selye, 2006). Actually stress and employee motivation are interrelated, more stress causes less motivation thus low performance whereas less stress causes more motivation to the employees to produce desired results in any organization. Those which are affected by the stress are known as stressors. (Cregson). A manager must have the knowledge to handle stress of his employees.
The first variable of my research study is stress. There are two types of stress i.e. positive and negative stress. The positive stress is also called as Eustress. It can give an extra energy of adrenaline to help to accomplish organizational goals and meet deadlines. Eustress provides mental attentiveness, motivation, and effectiveness. Eustress can increase confidence. Whereas, Negative stress is called as Distress. This has been caused when a body cannot return to a relaxed state even in the absence of the stressor. Physical signs of distress include: changes in eating or sleeping patterns, weakness, dizziness, frequent headaches, neck and back pain, and frequent colds and infections, resultantly less motivation to produce desired results.
The second variable of my study is the impact of stress on motivation of employees of Anti Narcotics Force (ANF).Motivation is defined as it energizes and guides behavior of someone towards reaching a particular goal (Harackiewicz, 2000).
As the organization which I have selected is ANF (Anti Narcotics Force). ANF is the only government organization in Islamic Republic of Pakistan whose main aim is to seize drugs in Pakistan and at the same time not allow drugs to smuggle to rest of the world through Pakistan. On the basis of this aim, ANF has adopted three pronged strategy as under:-
This analytic study will in detail focus on the types of Stress facing by the ANF employees and its impact on the motivation of ANF employees, who are performing effectively and efficiently with meager resources and continuously maintaining its status inside Pakistan and aboard as leading drug enforcement agency by controlling of drug supplies in Pakistan and aboard.